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SIP/SOLAR2000 DESCRIPTION AND DEVELOPMENT

A description of the new SIPS v2.32

SIP v2.32 incorporates automated forecast updates, including warnings and forecasts, of JB2006 and SOLARFLARE parameters useful for satellite and communication operational users.

Tobiska, W.K., "Mitigating orbit planning, satellite operations, and communication surprises from adverse space weather", AIAA-2008-0453, 2008 SET_AIAA_2008.pdf
New SOLAR2000 v2.30 capabilities for operations An overview of the major improvements of the SOLAR2000 model (and the new SOLARFLARE component), addressing user needs for high time- and spatially-resolved irradiances, historical 3-hour data, improved proxies, and new models and datasets. Tobiska, W.K., "SOLAR2000 v2.30 and SOLARFLARE v1.01: New Capabilities for Space System Operations", American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., 2007. SET_AIAA_2007.pdf
Solar and Geomagnetic operational models A description of the EXPI/HAF model and S2K OP models for Space Situational Awareness Tobiska, W.K., Fry, C.D., "Solar and Geomagnetic Space Environment Specification for operations", AIAA-2006-0471, 2006 SET_AIAA_2006.pdf
X-ray flare evolution model An overview of a new flare evolution model for predicting the rise, timing and magnitude of X-ray flares Tobiska, W.K., "Systems-Level Space Environment Specification for Satellite and Ground System Operations", AIAA-2005-0069, 2005. SET_AIAA_2005.pdf
SOLAR2000 model description A comprehensive description of the SOLAR2000 model assumptions, basis, and formulation. Seminal paper for SOLAR2000. Presented at the 1999 Space Weather Week in Boulder, CO Tobiska, W.K, T. Woods, F. Eparvier, R. Viereck, L. Floyd, D. Bouwer, G. Rottman, and O.R. White, "The SOLAR2000 empirical solar irradiance model and forecast tool," J. Atm. Solar Terr. Phys., 62, 1233-1250, 2000. JASTP_2000_SOLAR2000.pdf
SOLAR2000 v2.24 status A description of upgrades to SOLAR2000 from v1.24 to v2.24. Presented at the 2004 COSPAR meeting in Paris, France. This is the recommended publication for the most recent SOLAR2000 overview. Tobiska, W.K. and S.D. Bouwer, "New Developments in SOLAR2000 for Space Research and Operations," Adv. Space Res., 37, 347-358, 2006. JASR_SOLAR2000_2006.pdf
SOLAR2000 v1.24 status

A description of upgrades to SOLAR2000 from v1.03 to v1.24. Presented at the 2002 COSPAR meeting in Houston, TX.

Tobiska, W.K., "SOLAR2000 irradiances for climate change, aeronomy, and space system engineering," Adv. Space Res., 34, 1736-1746, 2004.

ASR_2004.pdf

Integrated spectrum S(t) description A description of the use of E10.7 and the integrated spectrum variable, S(t). Reply to J. Lean comment

Tobiska, W.K. "Reply," J. Geophys. Res., 107, A2, SIA 5-1 - SIA 5-2, 2002.

JGR_2002_Reply.pdf
SOLAR2000 v1.03 status A summary of the development status of SOLAR2000 v1.03. Presentation at the 1999 TIGER meeting in St. Petersburg Russia Tobiska, W. K, "Status of the SOLAR2000 solar irradiance model," Phys. Chem. Earth, 25, (5-6), 383-386, 2000. TIGER_1999_S2K_status.pdf
SOLAR2000 AND JB2008 PROXIES AND APPLICATIONS
COSPAR CIRA Draft, chapter 4, 2008 A description of indices used in the JB2008 Thermospheric Model. Tobiska, W.K., Bowman, B.R., Bouwer, S.D., "Solar and Beomagnetic Indices for the JB2008 Thermospheric Density Model" JB2008_solar_geomag_indices-2.pdf
JB2008 Proxy indices A comparison of the CIRAA08 and ISO 14222 documents, and a description of indices used in the JB2008 Thermospheric Model. Tobiska, W.K, "The solar and geomagnetic inputs into the JB2008 thermospheric density model for use by CIRA08 and ISO 14222", COSPAR 2010 Session C0.1 Paper C01-0003-10 July 20, 2010 C01-003-10.ppt.pdf
JB2006 solar indices A description of the JB2006 solar indices F10, S10, M10 Tobiska, W.K., S.D. Bouwer, and B.R. Bowman, "The development of new solar indices for use in thermospheric density modeling," J. Atm. Solar Terr. Phys., 70, 803-819, 2008 JB2006_JASTP_2008_803.pdf
Improved thermospheric modeling The Selection and Development of New Solar Indices for Atmospheric Heating Tobiska, W.K., S.D. Bouwer, and B.R. Bowman, "The development of new solar indices for use in thermospheric density modeling," AIAA, Keysone, 2006 SET_AIAA_K_06_recD.pdf
Aviation communication and satellite orbit operations A description of SIP v2_32, with automated forecast updates of JB2006 and SOLARFLARE parameters useful for satel-
lite and communication users
Tobiska, W.K, "Mitigating Aviation Communication and Satellite Orbit Operations Surprises from Adverse Space Weather", AMS, 2008 SET_AMS_2008.pdf
SOLARFLARE model v1.00 A description of operational flare evolution forecasts Tobiska, W.K. and S.D. Bouwer, "Solar flare evolution model for operational users," IES2005 Proceedings, ed. J.M. Goodman, in press, 2005 SET_IES_2005.pdf
Solar inputs for precision orbit determination A description of updated and new solar inputs for precision orbit determination Tobiska, W.K., "Advances in solar inputs for precision orbit determination," AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, August, 2005 AAS_05-252.pdf
X-ray background index and flare predictions, and ISO solar irradiance standards A report on the development of a flare evolution model and a report on the ongoing development of the ISO 21348 "Process for Determining Solar Irradiances" standard. Tobiska, W.K., "Systems-Level Space Environment Specification for Satellite and Ground System Operations", American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., 2005 AIAA_2005_0069.pdf
SOLAR2000 Professional Grade A description of 2nd Generation forecasting through SOLAR2000 Tobiska, W.K., "Second Generation Space Environment Forecasting for satellite and ground system operations," J. Spacecraft Rock., in preparation, 2004. AIAA-2004-1078.pdf
Strategy for improving orbit decay modeling ESTEC proposal summary between ISTI and SET Pardini, C., W.K. Tobiska, and L. Anselmo, "Pilot service for improving satellite re-entry predictions and orbital decay modeling," ESA Space Weather Workshop: Space Weather Applications Pilot Project, 16-18 December 2002, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. sww_isti.pdf
Validation of 72-hour forecasting A validation study of the 72-hour forecasting algorithm. Presented at the 2003 AIAA Aerospace Sciences meeting in Reno, NV. Tobiska, W.K., "Forecasting of space environment parameters for satellite and ground system operations," J. Spacecraft Rock., in preparation, 2003. AIAA_2003_5829.pdf
6 EUV integrated irradiance proxies description A description of new integrated irradiance proxies. Presented at the 2002 TIGER virtual meeting on the internet.

Tobiska, W.K., "New developments in solar irradiance proxies for operational space weather," in Fourth Thermospheric/Ionospheric Geospheric Research (TIGER) Symposium Internet, June 10-14, 2002, http://www.ipm.fraunhofer.de/
english/meetings/workshops/tiger/, 2002.

TIGER_2002_proxies.pdf
EUV hemispheric power, Peuv A comparative study of the auroral hemispheric power and the EUV hemispheric power over solar cycle time scales. Knipp, D.J, T. Welliver, M.G. McHarg, F.K. Chun, W.K. Tobiska, and D. Evans, "Climatology of extreme upper atmospheric heating events," Adv. Space Research, in press, 2002. COSPAR200222nov.pdf
72-hour forecast for Earth atmosphere drivers A description of the 72-hour forecast of solar, geomagnetic, and atmosphere dynamics. Presented at the 2002 AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference in Monterey, CA. Tobiska, W.K., "E10.7 use for global atmospheric density forecasting," J. Spacecraft Rock., in preparation, 2002. AIAA_2002_4892.pdf
Operational forecast E10.7 An overview of operational E10.7. Presented at the 2002 AIAA Aerospace Sciences meeting in Reno, NV. Tobiska, W.K., "Forecast E10.7 for Improved LEO Satellite Operations," J. Spacecraft Rock., Vol. 40, (3), 405-410 2003. JSR_2003.pdf
Comparative study of EUV data including SOLAR2000 An overview of solar EUV and X-ray irradiance variations including SOLAR2000. Woods, T., L. Acton, S. Bailey, F. Eparvier, H. Garcia, D. Judge, J. Lean, D. McMullin, G. Schmidtke, S. Solomon, K. Tobiska, and R. Viereck, "Solar extreme ultraviolet and X-ray irradiance variations," AGU Monograph, in press, 2002. (contact T. Woods)
SOLAR2000 derivation and integrated spectrum S(t) A description of SOLAR2000 derivation details and its production of the integrated solar spectrum, S(t). Presented at the 2000 COSPAR meeting in Warsaw, Poland. Tobiska, W.K., "Variability in the TSI from Irradiances Shortward of Lyman-alpha," Adv. Space Research, 29 (12), 1969-1974, 2002. ASR_2002.pdf
Operational Polar HF communication for commercial air A strategic view of implementing a real-time polar HF nowcast and forecast capability that improves commercial aviation communication links in polar routes. Presented at the 2002 IES meeting in Alexandria, VA Tobiska, W.K., G. Cameron, G. Davenport, J. Goodman, G. Hand, V. Papitashvili, X. Pi, "Improved polar HF propagation using nowcast and forecast space weather parameters," 10th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium, May 7-9, 2002, ed J.M. Goodman, pp 364-371. IES_2002_Polar_HF.pdf
E10.7 derivation and validation A description of the rationale, application, users, and derivation of the E10.7 integrated EUV irradiance proxy. Tobiska, W. K., "Validating the Solar EUV Proxy, E10.7," J. Geophys.Res., 106, A12, 29969-29978, 2001. JGR_2001.pdf
SOLAR RESEARCH
Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment (EVE) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Overview of Science Objectives, Instrument Design, Data Products, and Model Developments T.N. Woods et. al., "Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment (EVE) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)", Solar Phys DOI 10.1007/s11207-009-9487-6, 5 October 2009 EVE_Overview_SP_
2010_reprint.pdf
NOAA Mg II The NOAA Mg II core-to-wing ratio proxy derivation and long-term data set used by SOLAR2000. Viereck , R., L. Puga, D. McMullin, D. Judge, M. Weber, and W.K. Tobiska, "The Mg II Index: A Proxy for Solar EUV," Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 (7), 1343-1346, 2001. GRL_2001.pdf
5 solar cycle composite Lyman-alpha Composite Lyman-alpha for 5 solar cycles calibrated to the UARS data. Woods, T. N., W. K. Tobiska, G. J. Rottman, and J. R. Worden, "Improved solar Lyman alpha irradiance modeling from 1947 through 1999 based on UARS observations," J. Geophys.Res., 105 (A12), 27195-27215, 2000. JGR_2000.pdf
EUV97 model description A description of the EUV97 solar EUV empirical model. Tobiska, W.K. and F.G. Eparvier, "EUV97: Improvements to EUV irradiance modeling in the soft X-rays and FUV," Solar Phys., 177, 147-159, 1998. SP_1998.pdf
Two solar cycle Lyman-alpha Two solar cycles of Lyman-alpha calibrated to UARS data. Tobiska, W.K., W.R. Pryor, and J.M. Ajello, "Solar hydrogen Lyman-alpha variation during solar cycles 21 and 22," Geophys. Res. Lett., 24 (9), 1123-1126, 1997. GRL_1997.pdf
Ionospheric data and model comparison Comparison of radar data with ionospheric models using modeled solar flux Buonsanto, M.J., P.G. Richards, W.K. Tobiska, S.C. Solomon, Y.-K. Tung, and J.A. Fennelly, "Ionospheric electron densities calculated using different EUV flux models and cross sections: Comparison with radar data," J. Geophys. Res., 100 (A8), 14569-14580, 1995. JGR_1995.pdf
SOLRAD-11 soft X-rays SOLRAD-11 soft X-rays data reconstruction and analysis. Tobiska, W.K., "Modeled soft X-ray solar irradiances," Solar Phys., 152, 207-215, 1994.

SP_1994.pdf

San Marco ASSI and EUV91 San Marco ASSI data and EUV91 model output compared. Tobiska, W.K., G. Schmidtke, H. Doll, T.N. Woods, J. Worden, and S. Chakrabarti, "Comparison of San Marco ASSI solar EUV and EUV91 model," Adv. Space Research, 14 (1), 73-84, 1994. ASR_1994.pdf
San Marco ASSI data A study of the solar EUV flux variations from San Marco ASSI. Tobiska, W.K., S. Chakrabarti, G. Schmidtke, and H. Doll, "Comparative Solar EUV Flux for the San Marco ASSI," Adv. Space Research, 13 (1), 255-259, 1993. ASR_1993.pdf
Solar cycle 21 periodicities for 12 solar indices A study of the time-varying and quasi-stationary properties of photospheric, chromospheric, and coronal indices Bouwer, S.D., "Periodicities of Solar Irradiance and Solar Activity Indices, II", Solar Physics, 142, 365-389, 1992 SolarPhys_periods_1992.pdf
E-F1 Ionosphere data and model comparison Comparison of radar data with E-F1 ionosphere models using EUV91 modeled solar flux Buonsanto, M.J, S.C. Solomon, and W.K. Tobiska, "Comparison of measured and modeled solar EUV flux and its effect on the E-F1 region ionosphere," J. Geophys. Res., 97 (A7), 10513-10524, 1992. JGR_1992b.pdf
EUV91 model description A description of the EUV91 model and its derivation. Presented at 1990 COSPAR in The Hague, Netherlands. Tobiska, W.K., "Revised Solar Extreme Ultraviolet Flux Model," J. Atm. Terr. Phys., 53 (11/12), 1005-1018, 1991 n/a
Solar cycle 21 irradiance and proxy periodicities An FFT analysis of 5 solar irradiance and proxy periodicities. Pap, J., W.K. Tobiska, and S.D. Bouwer, "Periodicities of solar irradiance and solar activity indices, I," Solar Physics, 129, 165-189, 1990. SP_1990.pdf
SERF2 model description A description of the SERF2 model and its derivation. Tobiska, W.K. and C.A. Barth, "A Solar EUV Flux Model," J. Geophys. Res., 95, 8243-8251, 1990. JGR_1990.pdf
F10.7 and Lyman-alpha comparison The original work that demonstrated F10.7 differs from chromospheric Lyman-alpha during solar minimum conditions Barth, C.A., W.K. Tobiska, G.J. Rottman, and O.R. White, "Comparison of 10.7 cm radio flux with SME solar Lyman alpha flux," Geophys. Res. Lett., 17 (5), 571-574, 1990. GRL_1990.pdf
Solar cycle 21 EUV periodicities A study of solar chromospheric and coronal emissions and their variations during solar cycle 21, including the long-term periodicities of evolving and decaying active regions. Tobiska, W.K. and S.D. Bouwer, "Intermediate-term Variations of Chromospheric and Coronal Solar Flux During High Solar Cycle 21 Activity," Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 779- 782, 1989. GRL_1989.pdf
Predicted SME satellite orbit decay An overview study of predicted solar flux using Jacchia 1971 model and the SME satellite orbit decay. Tobiska, W.K., R.D. Culp, C.A. Barth, "Predicted Solar Cycle Twenty-two 10.7 cm Flux and Satellite Orbit Decay," J. Astron. Sci., 35, 419-433, 1987. JAS_1987.pdf
The revised Jacchia thermospheric model The revised Jacchia model incorporating revised atmospheric chemistry measurements Jacchia, L.G., Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Provided by the NASA Astropysics Data System, 1971, http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1971SAOSR.332.....J Jacchia-1971.pdf
The original Jacchia themospheric model The original Jacchia thermospheric/exospheric model that layed the foundation for LEO modeling and subsequent models Jacchia, L.G., Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Provided by the NASA Astropysics Data System, 1970, http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1970SAOSR.313.....J Jacchia-1970.pdf
REVIEWS
Review of the TIGER program TIGER symposium held at COSPAR 2004 in Paris France. Schmidtke, G., F.G. Eparvier, S.C. Solomon, W.K. Tobiska, T.N. Woods, "The TIGER (thermospheric-ionospheric geospheric research) program: Introduction", J. Adv. Sp. Res., 37, 194-198, 2006. JASR_TIGER_2006.pdf
1999 EUV measurement and model review Review of EUV measurement and modeling activity for the TIGER Symposium. Presented at 1999 TIGER meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia. Tobiska, W. K., "Measurement and modeling of solar EUV/UV radiation," Phys. Chem. Earth, 25 (5-6), 371-374, 2000. TIGER_EUV_review.pdf
1994 EUV measurement and model review Overview of EUV measurements and modeling. Presented at 1994 COSPAR meeting in Washington, DC. Tobiska, W.K., "Current status of solar EUV measurements and modeling," Adv. Space Research, 18 (3), 3-10, 1996. ASR_1996.pdf
1993 EUV measurement and model review General literature review of solar EUV measurements and modeling to 1992. Tobiska, W.K., "Recent solar extreme ultraviolet irradiance observations and modeling: A review," J. Geophys. Res., 98, 18879-18893, 1993. JGR_1993.pdf
1992 EUV measurement and model review Overview of EUV measurements and modeling. Presented at 1992 SOLERS22 meeting in Boulder, CO. Tobiska, W.K.," A brief history of empirical modeling of the solar EUV spectral irradiance," in Proceedings of the Workshop on the Solar Electromagnetic Radiation Study for Solar Cycle 22, ed. R.F. Donnelly, NOAA/SEL, Boulder, 338-353, 1992. SOLERS22_1992.pdf
1991 EUV irradiance variations review General literature review of solar EUV modeling to 1991 including SME-based models. Simon, P.C. and W.K. Tobiska, "Solar EUV irradiance variations: A review," J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 43, Suppl., 823-833, 1991. JGG_1991.pdf
ISO SOLAR IRRADIANCE DRAFT STANDARD 21348
ISO CD 21348 ISO 21348 standard for solar irradiances. "Space environment (natural and artificial) - Process for determining solar irradiances" ISO_DIS _21348_E_revB.pdf
CommentsDIS21348 Solar irradiance standard comment sheet. ISO/DIS21348 CommentsDIS21348-3.pdf
2004 Status of ISO DIS 21348 Progress overview of the solar irradiances standard ISO 21348. 2004 COSPAR meeting in Paris, France.This is the recommended publication for the most recent DIS 21348 overview. Tobiska, W.K. and A.A. Nusinov, "Status of ISO Draft International Standard for Determining Solar Irradiances (DIS 21348)," Adv. Space Res., submitted, 2004. C01_0014_04.pdf
2002 Status of ISO CD 21348 Progress overview of the solar irradiances standard ISO 21348. Presented at 2002 COSPAR in Houston, TX Tobiska, W. K. and A. A. Nusinov, "Status of the ISO draft standard for determining solar irradiances," Adv. Space Research, submitted, 2002. ASR_C0-1_ 0009_02.pdf
1999 Status of ISO CD 21348 Progress overview of the solar irradiances standard ISO 21348. Presented at the 1999 TIGER meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia. Tobiska, W. K. and A. A. Nusinov, "Status of the draft ISO solar irradiance standard," Phys. Chem. Earth, 25 (5-6), 387-388, 2000. TIGER_ISO _status.pdf
PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCES
Mercury exosphere Solar photon scattering probabilities for discrete transitions in the 550--6000 Â region for 12 Mercury exosphere species. Killen, R., D. Shemansky, and N. Mouawad, "Expected Emission from Mercury's Exospheric Species, and their Ultraviolet-Visible Signatures," Ap. J. Supp., 181, 351-359, 2009. apjs_2009.pdf
Heliospheric transport of Lyman-α Solar Lyman-α undergoes multiple scattering by outer heliospheric neutral hydrogen. Pryor, W., P. Gangopadhyay, B. Sandel, T. Forrester, E. Quemerais, E. Möbius, L. Esposito, I. Stewart, W. McClintock, A. Jouchoux, J. Colwell, V. Izmodenov, Y. Malama, K. Tobiska, D. Shemansky, J. Ajello, C. Hansen, and M. Bzowski, "Radiation transport of heliospheric Lyman-α from combined Cassini and Voyager data sets," Astron. & Ap., 491, 21-28, 2008.  
Titan aerosols Model of Titan atmosphere including aerosols. Liang, M.-C., Y.L. Yung, and D.E. Shemansky, "Photolytically Generated Aerosols in the Mesosphere and Thermosphere of Titan", Ap. J. Lett., 661, L199-L202, 2007. apjl_2007.pdf
Enceladus water plume Cassini UVIS observation of the water vapor plume near the south pole of Enceladus. Hansen, C.J., L. Esposito, A.I.F. Steward, J. Colwell, A. Hendrix, W. Pryor, D. Shemansky, and R. West, Science, 311, 1422-1425, 2006. science_2006.pdf
January World Day campaign aeronomy study A study of the thermosphere and ionosphere for solar minimum winter conditions. Hagan, M.E., C.A. Barth, W.K. Tobiska, A.H. Manson, R.A. Vincent, M.J. Buonsanto, R.G. Burnside, and V.B. Wickwar, "Observations of upper atmospheric weather during solar minimum winter," J. Geophys. Res., 97 (A4), 4163-4176, 1992. JGR_1992.pdf
FUV auroral imaging Analysis of E-2 payload on rocket during Energy Budget Campaign (1980) Tobiska, W.K., G.R.Gladstone, S. Chakrabarti, M.G. Shepard, J.C. McConnell,R. Link, G. Schmidtke, and G. Stasek, "FUV-visible photometric imaging of aurorae," J. Geophys. Res., 98 (A10), 17,525-17,535, 1993. JGR_1993b.pdf
Interplanetary Lyman-alpha study Studies of interplanetary Lyman-alpha over solar cycles 21-22 from Pioneer Venus Pryor, W.R., S.J. Lasica, A.I.F. Stewart, D.T. Hall, S. Lineaweaver, W.B. Colwell, J.M. Ajello, O.R. White, and W.K. Tobiska, "Interplanetary Lyman-alpha observations from Pioneer Venus over a solar cycle from 1978 to 1992," J. Geophys. Res., 103 (A11), 26833-26849, 1998. JGR_1998.pdf
Galileo hydrogen study Model of interplanetary hydrogen with Galileo UVS measurements. Pryor, W., I. Stewart, K. Simmons, M. Witte, J. Ajello, K. Toskiba, D. McComas, and D. Hall, "Remote Sensing of H from Ulysses and Galileo," Space Sci Rev., 97, 393-399, 2001. SSR_2001.pdf
SERF2 flux for aeronomy campaign An overview study of modeled solar flux using SERF2 during an aeronomy campaign. Tobiska, W.K., "Modeled solar EUV flux during the Equinox Transition Study: September 17-24, 1984," J. Geophys. Res., 94 (A12), 17017-17020, 1989. JGR_1989.pdf
AVIATION RADIATION
The ARMAS fleet of instruments measure the radiation environment at commercial aircraft altitudes. The ARMAS program has successfully deployed a fleet of six instruments measuring the radiation environment at aircraft altitudes. ARMAS transmits real-time data to the ground providing tissue-relevant ambient dose equivalent rates. "Global real-time dose measurements using the Automated Radiation Measurements for Aerospace Safety (ARMAS) system", Tobiska, W.K, et. al., AGU Publications, 10.1002/2016SW001419, 2016 ARMAS_AGU_SpaceWeather.pdf
Radiation exposure risks from space weather to aviation, and mitigation paths to improve flight safety. Air safety is tied to the phenomenon of ionizing radiation from space weather, primarily from galactic cosmic rays but also from solar energetic particles. A global framework for addressing radiation issues in this environment has been constructed. Tobiska, W.K, et. al., "Advances in Atmospheric Radiation Measurements and Modeling Needed to Improve Air Safety", Space Weather Journal, DOI: 10.1002/2015SW001169, 10 April 2015 Aviation_radiation_SWJ_article.pdf
How the U.S. Government shutdown in October 2013 significantly affected U.S. and global aviation radiation monitoring. The U.S. Government shutdown from 1 to 17 October 2013 significantly affected U.S. and global aviation radiation monitoring. The closure occurred just as a S2 radiation storm was in progress "U.S. Government shutdown degrades aviation radiation monitoring during solar radiation storm", DOI: 10.1002/2013SW001015, 14 Jan 2014. Shutdown_impacts.pdf
Reply to Comment. The comment premise perpetuates an unfortunate trend among some radiation researchers to minimize potential risks to human tissue from low-radiation sources. In fact, the risk uncertainties of low-dose radiation further illustrates the need for more active monitoring. Tobiska, W.K, et. al., "Reply to comment by Rainer Facius et al. on “U.S. Government shutdown degrades aviation radiation monitoring during solar radiation storm", DOI: 10.1002/2014SW001074, 14 Apr 2014. Shutdown_impacts_reply.pdf
LEO ORBITAL SYSTEMS
Contamination of spacecraft surfaces affecting satellite drag Rarefied Gas Dynamics Symposium in Asilomar, California, 2010 Moe, K. and M.M. Moe, "Gas-Surface Interactions in Low-Earth Orbit", Rarefied Gas Dynamics Symposium in Asilomar, California, 2010 MOE-6-29-AIP.pdf
High latitude density enhancements Semi-empirical model of polar cusps Moe, K. and M.M. Moe, "The high-latitude thermospheric mass density anomaly: A historical review and a semi-empirical model," J. Atm. Solar Terr. Phys., 70, 794-802, 2008 JASTP_Moe_2008.pdf
Magnetosphere coupling with thermosphere Sedona AAS Conference 2007 Moe, K. and M. Moe, "Thermospheric density model including magnetospheric energy sources at quiet times," AAS 07-188, 2007. AAS_07-188.pdf
Satellite and debris decay Orange County AIAA Conference Moe, K., "Progress in predicting the decay of satellite and debris orbits," Third Annual AIAA Southern California Aerospace Systems and Technology Conference, April 2006. AIAA-OC_ASAT_2006.pdf
Oribital Predictions Stochastic Models of the Errors in Orbial Predictions Moe, K., "Stochastic Models of the Errors in Orbial Predictions for Artificial Earth Satellites", ARS, 1962 ARS_1962.pdf
Orbital Predictions Errors in Orbital Predictions for Satellites Moe, K., "Errors in Orbital Predictions for Meteorological and Geodetic Satellites, J. Geophys. Res., 68, (17),1963 JGR_Vol68_1963.pdf
SPACE POLICY
Space Weather Risks Descriptions of known space-weather risks and mitigation strategies Tobiska, K, Presentation at the Improving Space Operations Workshop (SOSTC 2015), "Managing Space Weather Risks in Space Systems Operations", 6 May 2015. Tobiska_SOSTC_revC.pdf
Space Weather and Society A review of technologies and systems that are susceptible to space weather. Schrijver, C, Bagenal, F., Sojkz, J., "Heliophysics V. Space Weather and Society", 2013-2015 HSS5.pdf
Commercial Sector American Commercial Space Weather Association Lous J. Lanzerotti, "New Group to Represent the Commercial Sector", Space Weather Journal, 20 May 2011 Group_Commercial_Sector.pdf
Smartphones A description of how near real-time space weather products are distributed to "smartphones", e.g., the Apple iPhone. W. Kent Tobiska, Geoff Crowley, Seung Jun Oh, and Madhulika Guhathakurta, "Space Weather Gets Real—on Smartphones", Space Weather Journal, 23 October 2010 Smartphone_SpWx_Journal.pdf
Distributed networks Description of distributed networks and examples from Space Environment Technologies Tobiska, W.K. and S.D. Bouwer, Distributed networks enable advances in US space weather operations, J. Adv.
Space Res. (2010), doi:10.1016/j.asr.2010.07.009
Distributed_networks.pdf
New capabilities being developed for mitigating space weather effects. Three new systems for space weather operations: A new USGS Dst index, the Nowcast of Atmospheric Ionizing Radiation for Aviation Safety (NAIRAS), and the Global Assimilation of Ionospheric Radiation Measurments (GAIM). Tobiska, W. Kent, "New Space Weather Mitigation Capabilities". AIAA, 2009 SET_AIAA_2010.pdf
Space Weather Management Coordinated management of the space environment and space
weather
Tobiska, W. Kent, "Space Weather Management" AIAA-2009-1494, 2009 SET_AIAA_2009.pdf
Space Weather Management Management of space weather and ISO standards Tobiska, W.K., International Standards Will Enhance Space Weather Management, Space Weather, 6, S06001,
doi:10.1029/2008SW000410
Space_Weather_Manag.pdf
Space Weather Models and Operations Space Weather opinion article Tobiska, W.K., "Operational Space Weather Entering a New Era", Space Weather Quarterly, Vol. 6, Issue 4, 2009 SWQ_SWC.pdf
Producing Fresh Water using Space Power Introductory overview of an infrastructure of re-commissioned oil platforms and orbiting solar power satellites for producing fresh water Tobiska, W.K., "A Vision for Producing Fresh Water Using Space Power", AIAA-2009-6817 SET_SpaceWater.pdf
Producing Fresh Water using Space Power Vision overview of an infrastructure of re-commissioned oil platforms and orbiting solar power satellites for producing fresh water Tobiska, W.K., "Vision for Producing Fresh Water Using Space Power", Online Journal of Space Communication, Issue No. 16: Solar Power Satellites, Fall 2009 Online_Journal_
Space_Comm.pdf
SET TECHNICAL REPORTS
Dissertation presented to the facutly of USU graduate school, University of Southern California. An analysis is summarized that demonstrates the importance of exospheric H density distributions on reconstructing magnetospheric images in ENA fluxes and obtaining ring current ion densities. Bailey, Justin. "Three-Dimensional Exospheric Hydrogen Atom Distributions Obtained from Observations of the Geocorona in Lyman-alpha", May 2012 SET_TR_2012-001
Energy Balance in the Core of the Saturn Plasma Sheet Ph.D. dissertation on Saturn's magnetosphere Yoshii, Jean M., University of Southern California, "Energy Balance in the Core of the Saturn Plasma Sheet", December 2011 SET_TR2011_001
A detailed description of MgII c/w ratio processing for operations at SET A detailed description of the new "Atmosphere" version of the MgII c/w ratio, using NOAA-17 data. Bouwer, S. Dave, Space Environment Technologies, "MgII c/w Ratio Data Processing for SET Operations", April 2008 SET_TR2008_001
Low Latitude Hydrogen Emission at Jupiter The first analysis of Galileo’s low/mid latitude H Lyman-a data, which contains new information about the link between Jupiter’s upper atmosphere, the magnetosphere, the dynamic lower atmosphere, and the Sun. Tobiska, W. Kent, Space Environment Technologies , Pryor, Wayne R., Space Environment Technologies, Gladstone, G. Randy, Southwest Research Institute Simmons, Karen E., Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, "Low Latitude Hydrogen Emission at Jupiter", SET Technical Report, August 2007 SET_TR2007-001
A Data Conversion Subsystem A Master of ScienceThesis Presented to The Department of Computer Engineering San Jose State University Zegwaard, Paulus, "A Data Conversion Subsystem for an Ionospheric Forecast System," San Jose State University, December 2004 SET_TR2006-001
GOES Measurements of Solar 0.1-0.8 X-ray Flux A description of the GOES satellite measurements of solar X-ray flux and the derivation of the Minimum Daily Background Index and Flare Index Bouwer, S. Dave, "A Summary of SOLAR 0.1-0.8nm X-ray Measurements From the GOES Satellies,1986-2004", Internal SET report, 2006 SET_TR2006-002
Comparative aeronomy of the upper atmospheres of the outer planets Ph.D. dissertation on the outer planets' upper atmosphere aeronomy Henrik Melin, Comparative aeronomy of the upper atmospheres of the outer planets, Ph.D. Thesis, University College London, May 2006 SET_TR2006-003
An Operational Ionospheric Forecast System (IFS Final report of a Phase I SBIR describing the development requirements for an operational ionospheric forecast system. W. Kent Tobiska, An Operational Ionospheric Forecast System (IFS), SET_TR2004_001, April 2004 SET_TR2004_001
 

Additional ISO Solar Irradiance Standard documents are available through the SpaceWx ISO link.

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